By Avi Zer-Aviv
Thesis for Bachelor of Independent Studies Degree
Department of Independent Studies, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, June 2005, 64 pages
In the author's words, this manuscript "a historical, personal, cultural, and creative journey on Arab-Jewish Relations in Ottoman Palestine over the last 400 years, with a focus on renewing the tradition of cooperative coexistence through analysis and grassroots peace building. There is much original research here, including three case studies and dozens of interviews with Israeli and Palestinian elders."
Download the complete manuscript: (PDF file) (Word document)
The current conflict between Arabs and Jews in Israel/Palestine has ruptured relations between the two peoples, and essentially divided them along geographic, economic, cultural, political, and sociological lines. Yet up until about a hundred years ago, these two peoples enjoyed a rich and deep shared history of coexistence, and lived together as neighbours in relative peace for centuries.
This thesis is an attempt to uncover those memories, and use them to rekindle the tradition of cooperative coexistence between Jews and Arabs in that region. It comes from listening to the stories of my mother’s parents, both born in British Mandate Palestine, and from my own unique identity as a Canadian-Israeli-Palestinian-Algerian-Hungarian-Polish Jew and pagan. It comes from my own conflict of understanding the creation of the State of Israel as a rescue spot for Holocaust survivors like my father’s mother, and my discontent with religious nationalism and its racist dimensions. It is above all an affirmation that peace is an ongoing relational process worth cultivating, and will never be achieved so long as Jews and Arabs stay separate, segregated, and ghettoized within their respective communities.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter One: Personal Reflection & The Politics of Memory
Arabs & Jews
Chapter Two: Awakening Memory: The Historical Seeds of Arab-Jewish Cooperative Coexistence
Chapter Three: A Critical Analysis: Arab-Jewish Cooperative Coexistence In Israel/Palestine Today
The Work of Mohammed Abu-Nimer
Understanding The Political & Social Contexts
Major Areas of Importance In Assessing & Analyzing Arab-Jewish Cooperative Coexistence Programs In Israel/Palestine (Abu-Nimer)
Chapter Four: Rekindling The Fires: Three Case Studies
(1) Hand In Hand: The Center For Bilingual Education In Israel
(2) Ta’ayush: Arab-Jewish Partnership
(3) Mosaic Communities
By Yuichi Ohta
Thesis for Baccalaureate Degree in Peace Studies
The International Christian University, College of Liberal Arts, Division of International Studies
Tokyo, Japan; March, 2003; 106 pages
For this thesis, author Yuichi Ohta was honored with the Makoto Saito Academic Award for Peace Studies. News about the presentation ceremony is on the Web at http://subsite.icu.ac.jp/prc/news/E/030321.html .
The complete manuscript is on the Web at http://www.m-net.ne.jp/~euphoria/ .
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Location of Self
Hypothesis and imitations
Suggestions for Future Research
Works Used for the Sampling Section
Thesis for Bachelor of Arts Degree
Department of International Relations, Brown University, April 2000, 169 pages
As the violence and tension continue to escalate between Israelis and Palestinians, new questions emerge about the potential for success of a political peace process. A major criticism of the political process has been its failure to adequately address the material and psychological root causes of the conflict that continue to fuel fear, resentment, hostility and violence for many Palestinians and Israelis.
While the governments struggle at the official level, growing numbers of citizens have been working behind the scenes to improve relations on the ground and build the basis for a lasting peace. Including women and men from the highest levels of policy-makers to the grassroots, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are addressing those conditions that the political leaders have been unable, or unwilling, to tackle.
This thesis explores the work of women and men in these NGOs, their basis in principle and theory, practical activities, and especially the difficult challenges they face.
A question is raised: Can grassroots social and psychological changes - changes in the nature of relationships - make a significant impact on political developments in the short or long term? Or is political progress a prerequisite for social change? Or must both happen together?
Discussed are the different motives of various NGOs - whether they are promoting the interests of one side or the other, citizens on the ground, foreign governments or elites, donors, or the NGO participants themselves. Explored is the question of whether NGOs are effective and appropriate means of building relations that satisfy and protect the basic interests of both sides and most of society for the long-term good of all.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter 1: A Struggle for Collective Dignity and Identity
Chapter 2: The Role of NGOs
Chapter 3: The Humanization Approach
Chapter 4: The Needs Approach Conclusion
Appendix 1: List and Description of NGOs Included in this Study
Appendix 2: Timeline of Major Events
Appendix 3: Major Documents
A. The Balfour Declaration
B. The Declaration of the Establishment of the State of Israel
C. U.N. Security Council Resolution 242
D. U.N. Security Council Resolution 338
E. The Palestinian National Charter
F. State of Palestine Declaration of Independence
G. Israel-PLO Recognition
H. Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements (The Oslo Accords)
Appendix 4: Maps
A. Map of Ottoman Palestine - Territorial Divisions
B. Israel, the West Bank and Gaza
by Shawn M. Dunning
Web: Director, Leadership Wisdom Initiative, Search for Common Ground http://www.sfcg.org/programmes/lwi/
Master of Science in Conflict Analysis and Resolution thesis
George Mason University
Fairfax, VA; 1099 pages
09 Dec 2010
I wrote the thesis as a first step to formally conceptualizing a theoretical framework for adventure-based conflict resolution.
While I did cite some case studies for illustrative purposes, it was mostly theoretical.
Now, after two years of rolling our Palestinian-Israeli Emerging Leaders Program in partnership with Outward Bound, I’m solidly convinced that there’s a lot more to talk about.
This stuff really works wonders!
Download the manuscript on the Web at http://traubman.igc.org/dunningthesis.pdf .
The following thesis addresses the role of learning within conflict resolution interventions, drawing particular attention to kinesthetic intelligence (Gardner, 1993). While current conflict resolution practices typically involve verbal and logical modes of learning, this inquiry explores the value of physical movement and interaction in the context of conflict intervention processes. Looking at conflict resolution from an experiential learning frame (learning by “doing” and by reflecting on actions), the value of learning from movement, or “kinesthetic encoding,” is considered in terms of its potentially transformative qualities associated with the “liminal” phase of a “ritual” process.
Building from a popular approach to kinesthetic experiential learning known as “adventure-based learning” (methods that incorporate teambuilding, outdoor adventure sports, and wilderness travel), a model for “adventure-based conflict resolution” (ABCR), which maps the natural overlap between adventure-based learning and conflict resolution, illustrates the practical utility of using adventure-based approaches in processes intended for preventing, resolving, or reconciling conflict. The model specifies salient characteristics of adventure-based approaches with regard to intended outcomes—specifically in terms of developing positive relationship between parties, developing collaboration skills, and developing potential-realization (confidence).
Three case studies are described as exemplars of the proposed model: one each for illustrating conflict prevention, conflict resolution, and conflict reconciliation. Each case is analyzed with regard to the level of relationship, skills, and confidence gained in association from the respective adventure-based intervention. Further implications regarding level of conflict and nature of party relationships are discussed, as are the strengths and limitations of the model.
By Marie Pace
Thesis for Doctor of Philosophy in Social Science degree
Program on the Analysis and Resolution of Conflict (PARC)
Maxwel School of Citizenship and Public Affairs
Graduate School of Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY, May 2005, 275 pages
Download the manuscript on the Web at http://traubman.igc.org/pacethesis.pdf or at pacethesis.doc.
This dissertation is a qualitative study investigating how a North American based citizen diplomacy effort—the Compassionate Listening Project—is working to promote peace and reconciliation between Arabs and Jews in Israel, Gaza and the West Bank. This study is placed in the context of examining citizens’ emerging role as peacebuilders in divided societies. Using participant observations and in-depth interviews, this study looks at how citizens involved with this project construct and reconstruct the meaning of conflict, peace and peacebuilding through their words, behaviors and interactions. This approach allows for an exploration of the full dynamics of the project, taking into account social, political and historical dimensions. Examining the project from multiple standpoints, this research further reveals the resonance, convergencies, dissonance and disjunctures in individual and organizational beliefs and goals with regards to peacebuilding strategies and goals. These findings further illuminate how ordinary citizens grapple with the complex matters that arise in ethnic and identity-based conflict. In particular, they reveal the ways that citizens aim at pursuing social justice agendas (which often aggravate social tensions) and agendas of reconciliation (which seek to heal those same tensions) at the same time. Illuminated through this project’s experiences are valuable clues about how citizens are attempting to negotiate what John Paul Lederach has described as the tension between revolutionary and resolutionary approaches to peacebuilding. This work contributes to the literature of peacebuilding and Palestinian-Israeli peace and conflict resolution. In particular, it contributes to the neglected area of Americans involvement in citizen based peace processes.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
A Hybrid Strategy
A Different Agenda
Overview of the Study
Two: Theories and Perspectives on Peacebuilding and Social Change
The Conceptual Terrain of Citizen Peacemaking
From the Actual World of Citizen Peacemaking
Theories and Practices of Conflict Transformation and Peacebuilding
Culture and the Politics of Meaning
The Role of Religion in Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding
At the Crossroads between Interior and Exterior Worlds Three: Methods and Procedures
Why Qualitative Methods?
Why The Compassionate Listening Project?
Collecting the Data
On Subjectivity and Participant Observations
Personal Identity and the Research Process
Culture and Context
The Final Analysis
Four: Negotiating Paradox
Genesis of the Project
The Early Roots
The Third Side
Five: Stories from the Third Side
THE JEWISH DELEGATES
Building Bridges and Amending Injustices
THE ARAB DELEGATES
Six: Diplomatic Agendas
The Israeli Peace Movement
Meetings with Israel’s Left
Voices from Israel’s Right
Listening Among Palestinians
Listening to the First Track
Embracing the Question: So What?
Replication, Growth and Expansion
Limitations and Avenues for Further Research
Trusting the Dark
by Ande Diaz
Web: Ande Diaz Educational Consulting at http://www.andediazconsulting.com
Fielding Graduate University, School of Human and Organizational Development
Santa Barbara, CA, 2009; 189 pages
The full dissertation (189 pages) as well as an article highlighting the Inventory of Dialogue Civic Outcomes (25 pages) and a paper highlighting a transformational concept termed “Restringing” (10 pages) are all available as electronic documents. Please contact author by email.
This study examined the civic outcomes from sustained intergroup dialogue.
Sustained Dialogue is a multi-stage conflict resolution process where small groups of people meet together over time to dialogue across differences.
Qualitative interviews were used to study the perceived impacts of college dialogue experience on post-graduate civic life.
Study participants were graduates of Notre Dame, Princeton, and the University of Virginia, who had participated in the Sustained Dialogue model during college.
This study generated an inventory of dialogue civic outcomes which details impacts from dialogue articulated as 29 themes over the five domains of cognitions, behaviors, attitudes, and skills, as well as hopes and plans for the future.
Results confirmed recent research on the Intergroup Dialogue model, finding that participants reported increases in critical thinking, knowledge about intergroup relations, interest in diversity issues, empathy regarding cultural differences, voicing their opinions in public, advocacy behaviors, and skills in facilitation and consensus building.
This study also extended prior research by finding that these perceived dialogue impacts, as well as several others, lasted into the post-college workplace and also affected future hopes and plans. Additional observations were identified, such as (a) the identified impacts were spread across various civic arenas of society, and (b) a transformative "restringing" effect was apparent in which participants reported that they were changed or transformed in subtle, complex, and pervasive ways.
Keywords: Student development, Sustained Dialogue, Intergroup Dialogue, co-curricular learning, diversity, civic education, civic life, social justice education, race relations, and workforce development.
by Allison Helise Rubalcava
Thesis for Master of Arts Degree in History, California State University, Fullerton, 2001, 256 pages
Download the complete, highly illustrated manuscript: (PDF file - 5.6 MB) (Word document - 6.6 MB)
This study examines the interplay of memory, myth, and history in the construction of collective memory, collective identity, and historical narrative.
The result of this interplay is conflicting historical narratives.
In spite of conflicting narratives, a number of contemporary Palestinian-Jewish organizations in the United States use dialogue as the foundation of their cooperative efforts to demonstrate that peaceful coexistence is possible between Palestinians and Jews.
In the process a new collective identity is formed based on historical and biblical commonalities rooted in religion and culture.
This project's use of oral history technique is two-fold.
First, oral history provides the narrative that comprises the bulk of this study and is used to broaden understanding of the Arab-Israeli conflict and issues of collective identity formation.
Second, oral history (or dialogue) is the vehicle used by the peace groups in their meetings and community outreach projects.
The two groups included in this study are representative of a larger grass roots movement of conflict resolution founded in dialogue.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
By Lorenzo Agar Corbinoes & Abraham Magendzo Kolstrein
A project of Diálogo Intercultural entre jóvenes de la comunidad árabe y judía en Chile (DIJO)
E-mail Lorenzo: LAgar@minsal.cl
Report of 2-year intercultural dialogue experience among Arab and Jewish youth in Chile during July 2006 - February 2008
Santiago, Chile; 2009; 304 pages
Download the manuscript on the Web at http://www.lalleva.com/~felipe/libro.pdf .
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Part I: Diálogo Intercultural de la Comunidad Árabe y Judía en Chile
Los jóvenes de la comunidad árabe y judía en Chile: una experiencia fecunda de diálogo intercultural
Alteridad, derechos humanos, identidad y diversidad: Dispositivos fundantes para un diálogo intercultural
Revisión a la experiencia de los Talleres Diálogo Intercultural entre jóvenes de la comunidad árabe y judía
Comunidades Árabe y Judía en Chile: La mirada de los jóvenes
Diálogo intercultural entre jóvenes de la comunidad árabe y judía en Chile: La mirada de los líderes comunitarios
Visión de los participantes del diálogo intercultural
Part II: Diálogo Intercultural:Aproximación Histórica, Democracia y Derechos Humanos
El diálogo intergrupal: ¿Qué es y cómo se diseña?
Conflicto y pacificación en las relaciones entre las comunidades judías, árabes y musulmanas en Chile y Argentina
Inmigrantes y élites en Chile
Identidades y alterofobias
Relaciones interreligiosas y culturales en la España musulmana y proyecciones de sus aportes en la historia contemporánea
El Derecho Islámico de Minorías entre el hilo blanco y el hilo negro
ACERCA DE LOS AUTORES
By Ian Rex Fry
Thesis for Doctor of Philosophy
MCD University of Divinity
Kew, Victoria, Australia; March 2012; 544 pages
Download the manuscript on the Web at http://traubman.igc.org/frythesis.pdf .
This thesis examines in what manner and on what basis communities of Judaism, Christianity and Islam, the Abrahamic faiths, can engage in conversation-dialogue relating to the concept of covenant to enable a greater awareness of their relationship with God and the relationships between each of their communities. To achieve this task, this study critically examines the primary texts of each faith in the context of human history, their origins, development and interaction through a series of five epochs which has been identified and constructed as an integral part of this study. Recommendations are made based on the conclusion that dialogue relating to that concept is not only possible but is vital to enable progress towards stability and harmony in human affairs, and a clearer understanding of humanity’s relationship with God. A number of other intimately related conclusions have been reached. Each of Judaism, Christianity and Islam have been called into existence by divine initiative as a consequence of major breaches of covenant by their successive predecessors, namely Yahwism, then Judaism, then Christianity. Those successive initiatives do not mean that any covenant has been abrogated. They are each extant and their operation is cyclical in accord with the conduct of their adherents. Each covenant involves a common obligation as well as responsibilities specific to each faith. The currency of each covenant, and a partnership between each faith, is shown by the convergence of prophecy related to continuing breaches of covenant which were generated within each of them. This has culminated in the establishment of the State of Israel – the central fact of the Common Era – and also in the relative status of the White Western Christian Bloc and the World Majority Peoples being reversed. This requires recognition of the partnership between the three Abrahamic faiths, and dialogue and cooperation on that basis.
1. Introduction. Covenants: templates for the future
2. The First Epoch: Stage One -- Prehistory, the Abrahamic Era to Israel’s Migration
3. The First Epoch: Stage Two -- A mature understanding of covenant ready to go!
4. The Second Epoch: Shared responsibility
5. The Third Epoch: An extended network, and a new kind of war
6. Fourth Epoch: A brutal demonstration. Conflict and the reality of covenant
7. The Fifth Epoch: Covenant applied
8. Covenant Theology: Current strands and views
9. Dialogue: Development and current status
10. No turning back. Conclusions and recommendations
By Ned Lazarus
Thesis for Doctor of Philosophy In International Relations
Faculty of the School of International Service, American University
Washington, DC USA; 2011; 471 pages
Download the manuscript on the Web at http://traubman.igc.org/lazarusthesis.pdf .
Since 1993, several thousand Israeli and Palestinian youth have participated in 12 summer “coexistence” programs in North America. The programs espouse a common theory of change: that an experience of dialogue in an idyllic American setting will inspire youth to return to the Middle East as aspiring peacemakers. This dissertation provides the first large-scale, long-term empirical assessment of that theory, by tracking the peacebuilding activity of all 824 Israeli and Palestinian graduates of SOP's first decade of operation (1993-2003), and complementing this with qualitative research on more than 100 adult graduates (ages 21-30). The longitudinal framework assesses fluctuations in activity over time, highlighting the influence of changing personal, organizational, and political contexts. Key findings include that more than half of alumni engaged in peacebuilding during high school; that compulsory Israeli military service discouraged activity among both Israeli and Palestinian graduates; that nearly one-fifth of alumni engaged in peacebuilding as adults; and that extensive follow-up programming was essential for sustaining long-term commitments to peacebuilding. The study concludes that the international intervention structure embeds an effective educational model in a problematic organizational model. While providing an unprecedented evaluation of a popular peace education approach, this study tells the stories of a pivotal generation: Palestinians and Israelis who entered adolescence at the hopeful dawn of the Oslo peace process, to emerge as adults in an era of intifada and “separation.”
1. INTRODUCTION, BACKGROUND, REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE
2. OVERVIEW: Design, Methods, Contribution
3. QUANTITATIVE FINDINGS: Longitudinal Analysis of Alumni Peacebuilding Activity
4. FLAG-RAISING: Seeds of Peace and the Ministries of Education
5. SOLDIER AND/OR A “SEED OF PEACE”: The Israeli Dilemma
6. DIALOGUE, OCCUPATION AND NORMALIZATION: The Palestinian Dilemma
7. SELF-DETERMINATION: The Dilemma of Palestinian Citizens of Israel
8. ALUMNI ASSESSMENTS: "Program" vs. "Organization"
By Nurete L. Brenner
Thesis for Doctor of Philosophy, Department of Organizational Behavior
Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA, January 2011, 236 pages
Download the complete manuscript: (PDF - 1.3 MB)
The Magic of a Dialogue Group
Published 24 June 2011
"Out beyond ideas of wrongdoing and rightdoing, there is a field. I'll meet you there.
When the soul lies down in that grass, the world is too full to talk about.
Ideas, language, even the phrase 'each other' doesn't make any sense."
— Jalal al-Din Rumi
Since personal storytelling is so central to this thesis, I will begin by telling the story of how I encountered Arab-Jewish dialogue and how it impacted me. In 2001 when I moved to Cleveland from Tel Aviv and learned that Cleveland was home to one of the largest Arab-American communities in the US it occurred to me that here was a chance to meet and get to know Palestinians. The irony of this thought is that I was raised in Netanya, Israel which is only about 15 km (9 miles) from the West Bank. Despite this proximity, I never knew any Arabs while growing up. This disconnect is typical of Israelis and Palestinians even in mixed cities like Haifa and Jerusalem. So, upon arriving in Cleveland, I launched an Arab-Jewish dialogue group, which convened on Case campus once every two weeks for almost a year.
This experience ignited in me a passion to study and facilitate and participate in such groups. I wanted to learn more about the enlightening transformation that I had undergone, to discover if others had experienced the same thing and if so, how to reach out and replicate the experience still further. Thus, this dissertation was begun.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Part I: Research
Chapter 1: Statement of Problem
Chapter 2: Literature Review
Chapter 3 - Methodology
Part II: Case Studies
Chapter 4: The West Town Group
Chapter 5: The Story of the North Town Group
Analysis of the West Town and North Town groups
Chapter 6: The East Town Story
Analysis of East Town Group
Part III: Results
Chapter 7: The Contact Hypothesis and Social Identity Theory
Chapter 8: Dialogue and its Dimensions
Chapter 9: Shift
Part IV: Conclusion
Chapter 10: Implications for Practice and Conclusion
LIST OF TABLES
Table Dimensions of Dialogue
LIST OF FIGURES
Figure Theoretical Framework
Figure The Arc of the Dialogue-Encounter Group
Figure From Personal Storytelling to Shift
By Micah Hendler
A Senior Essay in International Studies
Calhoun College, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA, 2012, 84 pages
Download the complete manuscript: (PDF)
II. THE ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN CONFLICT AND TRACK TWO DIPLOMACY
III. STRUCTURING ENCOUNTERS
IV. MUSIC IN THE ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN CONFLICT
V. MUSIC AS A PEACEMAKING TOOL IN ETHNIC CONFLICT
VI. SEEDS OF PEACE INTERNATIONAL CAMP FOR COEXISTENCE IN MAINE: AN IDEAL CASE
VII. JERUSALEM FIELDWORK
By Danielle Sleiman
A paper to fulfill graduation requirements for Communications 447
for a Bachelor's degree in Communications, with a minor in Dialogue
Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, BC, Canada, 2008; 28 pages
The scholar begins: "Imagine an opportunity where young adversaries can step outside the 'pressure cooker of war and recognize their shared humanity, tear down the walls of misunderstandings, and build new bridges to peace.'" She concludes: "...I believe that empowering impacted youth in less formal, neutral negotiating environments and utilizing creative strategies such as film making may be more effective in building the 'bridge of peace' than other negotiation processes."
Download the complete manuscript (28 pages): (PDF file)
Negotiation and Conflict Resolution Theory: Understanding the Nature of the PIT Conflict Conflict Resolution Framework
The Camp David Negotiations
Jewish- Palestinian Living Room Dialogue Group
Role of the Canadian Participants
Transformation: An Outcome of Conflict Resolution Process
Peace It Together Survey: Canadian Participants
Interview with Len Traubman, Director of Jewish-Palestinian Living Room Dialogue Group
By Nike Carstarphen
Web: Alliance for Conflict Transformation (ACT) at http://www.conflicttransformation.org
George Mason University, Institute for Conflict Analysis and Resolution
Fairfax, VA, 2003; 380 pages
Download the complete, highly illustrated manuscript (PDF file -- 14.4 MB) or request file by e-mail.
This thesis and the paper described below are available as e-mail attachments upon request by e-mail.
At the February, 2003 Malta International Conference on Intercultural Communication & Diplomacy, Nike presented Making the "Other" Human: The Role of Personal Stories to Bridge Deep Differences, based on her thesis.
To explore intergroup relationship building and its role in conflict resolution, Nike interviewed diplomats, academics and practitioners of different conflict resolution efforts around the globe.
She also interviewed participants of dialogue groups in the United States, including: Jewish-Palestinian dialogues, race/ethnic dialogues, and pro-life/pro-choice dialogues around the abortion issue.
The results suggest the first step in relationship building -- in advance of conflict explanation, analysis, and resolution -- is to "make the 'other' human" and that sharing personal stories -- in the spirit of genuine dialogue -- is one of the most successful starting points in this process.
Stories help adversaries break through their stereotypes, fears and animosities toward the other by helping them begin to understand and recognize the other's needs, values and core concerns.
Stories help create bridges across deep differences and lay the foundation for conflict resolution.
Nike Carstarphen's shorter 23-page paper (96 KB PDF) can be downloade by clicking on the title:
Making the Other Human: The Role of Personal Stories to Bridge Deep Differences.
Carstarphen, N., In Hannah Slavik (Ed.), International Communication and Diplomacy.
DiploFoundation, Malta and Geneva, 2004, pp. 177-196.
The full thesis can be requested as a PDF document from Nike (NikeC@ConflictTransformation.org) at the office of her Alliance for Conflict Transformation (ACT), on the Web at http://www.conflicttransformation.org/ , or from us, Libby and Len Traubman (LTraubman.igc.org).
TABLE OF CONTENTS of Making the "Other" Human: The Role of Personal Stories to Bridge Deep Differences
Tripartite Model of Conflict and Conflict Resolution
Study I: How Do We Make "The Other" Human?
Why are Personal Stories Powerful?
Study 2: Experimental Design -- Personal Stories versus Rational Explanations
The Conflict Scenario
General Attitudes About the Opponent's Personality/Behavior
Feelings Toward the Opponent
Understanding/Empathizing with Opponent
Assumptions About the Opponents' Role in the Conflict
Attitudes About Our Role in the Conflict
Expected Negotiations Climate
Expected Negotiation Outcomes
Implications for Diplomacy
Storytelling as Part of Prenegotiation Dialogues and Negotiations
Spreading New Stories to the Masses
By Adi Greif
Bachelor of Arts Honors thesis
Stanford University, Department of Political Science
Stanford, CA, 2006; 74 pages
Download the complete manuscript: (PDF file) (Word document)
Dialogue groups that bring together civilians with many perspectives on a conflict and hold face-to-face discussions differ. Facilitators of dialogue groups often claim that their type of dialogue is especially conducive to long-term peace and stability and results in a wider-ranging set of beneficial effects. To evaluate such claims, this paper delineates dialogue groups and their goals by type (and offers a case study to illustrate its structure): 1) dialogue that transforms human relationships in order to build interpersonal trust and reduce prejudice (E.g. Jewish-Palestinian Living Room Dialogue focused on the Arab-Israeli conflict); 2) dialogue that transforms understanding of political interest through consideration of the political interest of others in order to build a common political vision for the future (E.g. Community Dialogue based on the conflict in Northern Ireland); and 3) dialogue that transforms political decision-making from interest-oriented to public-spirited-oriented dialogue in order to find mutually agreeable solutions (E.g. Deliberative Polling Weekends based on problems within mainly developed, peaceful Western countries like America). There is no evidence that one type is superior in transformational potential; the paper concludes by suggesting that the effectiveness of different types of dialogue is contingent upon the problem being addressed.
TABLE OF CONTENTS of Toward A Typology of Dialogue and Deliberation
Section 1: Modes of Interaction
I. Transforming Human Relationships
II. Transforming Political Interest
III. Beyond Interests: Public spiritedness
IV. Conclusion of Section 1
Section 2: Case Study Utilization of Modes of Interaction
I. Jewish-Palestinian Living Room Dialogue
II. Community Dialogue
III. Deliberative Polling Weekends
IV. Conclusion of Section 2
Section 3: Structure to Maximize Dialogue Strategy
I. History of the Cases
II. Organizational Structure: Size, Time
III. Aspects of Discussion: Pace and Focus
V. Participants: Selection, Balance
VI. Type of Facilitator: Paid, Personally Involved
VII. Conclusion of Section 3
Section 4: Context and the Need for Future Research
I. Theory of Change